Volume 4, Issue 5, September 2015, Page: 195-205
MPPT Control Technique for Direct-Drive Five-Phase PMSG Wind Turbines with Wind Speed Estimation
Abdel-Raheem Youssef, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, South Valley University, Qena, Egypt
Mahmoud A. Sayed, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, South Valley University, Qena, Egypt
M. N. Abdel-Wahab, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
Gaber Shabib Salman, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Aswan University, Aswan, Egypt
Received: May 29, 2015;       Accepted: Sep. 13, 2015;       Published: Sep. 26, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20150405.14      View  5062      Downloads  206
This paper has presented comprehensive modeling of direct driven five-phase PMSG based grid-connected wind turbines along with the control schemes of the interfacing converters. Wind speed estimation has been achieved based on measured rotor speed. Five-phase to three-phase interface power converter based back-to-back common dc-link converter has been used to achieve the system objectives. The machine side converter (MSC) is used to track the maximum power point at different wind speed. The grid side converter (GSC) uses a vector current controller to inject pure active power to the grid. The effectiveness of proposed control scheme is validated through extensive simulation results by using MATALB/SIMULINK.
To cite this article
Abdel-Raheem Youssef, Mahmoud A. Sayed, M. N. Abdel-Wahab, Gaber Shabib Salman, MPPT Control Technique for Direct-Drive Five-Phase PMSG Wind Turbines with Wind Speed Estimation, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. Vol. 4, No. 5, 2015, pp. 195-205. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20150405.14
R. Zavadil, N. Miller, A. Ellis, and E. Muljadi, "Making connections: Wind generation challenges and progress," IEEE Power Energy Mag., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 26-37, Nov. 2005.
Z. Chen, J. M. Guerrero, and F. Blaabjerg, "A review of the state of the art of power electronics for wind turbines," IEEE Trans. Power Electronic., vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 1859-1875, Aug. 2009.
S. J. Ockel, "High energy production plus built in reliability - The new vensys 70/77 gearless wind turbines in the 1.5MW class," in Eur. Wind Energy Conf., Athens, Greece, 2006.
Y. Chen, P. Pillary, and A. Khan, "PM wind generator topologies," IEEE Transactions Industry Applications vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 1619-1626, Nov./Dec. 2005.
H. Polinder, S. W. H. de Haan, M. R. Dubois, and J. slootweg, "Basic operation principles and electrical conversion systems of wind turbines," in presented at the Nordic Workshop Power Ind. Electron., Trondheim, Norway, Jun.14-16,2004.
G. Michalke, A. D. Hansen, and T. Hartkopf, "Control strategy of a variable speed wind turbine with multipole permanent magnet synchronous generator," in Eur.Wind Energy Conf. Exhib., Milan, Italy, May 7-10,2007.
A. Graures, "Efficiency of three wind energy generator systems," IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 650-657, Sep. 1996.
Fei Yu, Xiaofeng Zhang, Huaishu Li, Zhihao Ye. "The space vector PWM control reserch of a multi-phase permanent magnet synchronous motor for electrical propulsion," Electrical Machines and Systems, 2003. ICEMS 2003 vol. 2, pp. 604-607, Nov. 2003.
Ruhe Shi, H. A. Toliyat, “Vector Control of Five-phase Synchronous. Reluctance Motor with Space Pulse Width Modulation for Minimum. Switching Losses”, Industry Applications Conference, 36th IAS Annual. Meeting. Vol. 3, pp. 2097-2103, 30 Sept.-4 Oct. 2001.
Xue S,Wen X. H, "Simulation of A Novel Multi-phase SVPWM Strategy," in IEEE International Conf. on Power Electronics and Drive Systems (PEDS), 2005, pp. 756-760.
Parsa L, H. A.Toliyat, "Multi-phase permanent motor drives," in Industry Applications Conf., 38th IAS Annual Meeting.Vol.1, 12-16 Oct. 2003, pp. 401-408.
Z. Xiang-Jun,Y. Yongbing, Z. Hongato, L. Ying, F. Luguang, and Y. Xu, "Modelling and control of a multi-phase permanent magnet synchronous generator and efficient hybrid 3L-converters for large direct-drive wind turbines," IET Electric Power Applications, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 322-331, 2012.
B. Andresen and J. Brik, "A high power density converter system for the Gamesa G10x4.5MW wind turbine," in Proc.European Conf. on Power Electronics and Applications EPE, 2007.
M. J. Duran, S. Kouro, B. Wu, E. Levi, F. Barrero, and S. Alepuz, "Six-phase PMSG wind energy conversion system based on medium voltage multilevel converter," in Proc. Europen Conf. on power Electronics and Applications EPE, 2011.
H. S Che, W. P. Hew, N. A. Rahim, E. Levi, M. Jones, M. J Duran "A six-phase PMSG wind energy induction generator system with series connected DC-Links," IEEE Power Electronics for Distrubated Generation Systems PEDG, pp. 26-33, 2012.
W. M. Lin, C. M. Hong, and F. S. Cheng, "Fuzzy neural network output maximization control for sensorless wind energy conversion system," Energy, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 592-601, Feb. 2010.
R. Chedid, F. Mrad, and M. Basma, "Intellignet Control of a class of wind energy conversion systems," IEEE.Trans. Energy Conv., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1597-1604, 1999.
J. S. Thongam, P. Bouchard, H. Ezzaidi and M. Ouhrouche, "Artifical Neural Network Based Maximum Power Point Tracking Control for Varaible Speed Wind Energy Conversion Systems," in proc. of IEEE MSC2009, July 8-10,2009.
A. Youssef, M. A. Sayed, M. N. Abdelwhab and F. A. Khalifa ""Control Scheme of Five-Phase PMSG Based Wind Turbine"," in MEPCON'2014, cairo, Dec.2014.
K. E. Johnson and L. Y. Pao, "A tutorial on the dynamics and control of wind turbines and wind farms," in Proc. American Control Conf. (ACC09), june 10-12,2009, pp. 2076-2089.
C. X. Hye-Su Shin, J.-M. Lee, J.-D. La and Y.-S. Kim, ""MPPT control technique for a PMSG wind generation system by the estimation of the wind speed," in Electrical Machines and Systems (ICEMS), 2012 15th International Conference, Sapporo, 21-24 Oct. 2012.
Alaa Eldien M. M. Hassan, Mahmoud A. Sayed, Essam E. M. Mohamed. "Three-phase Matrix Converter Applied to Wind Energy Conversion System for Wind Speed Estimation". International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2015, pp. 117-124.
L. V. Fausett, Applied numerical analysis using MATLAB: Pearson, 2008.
W. Qiao, L. Qu, and R. G. Harely "Control of IPM Synchronous Generator for Maximum Wind Power Generation Considering Magnetic Saturation," IEEE Trans. Industry application, vol. 45, no. 3, May/June 2009.
Chinchilia. M, Arnaltes S, Burgos J. Control of permanent-magnet generator applied to variable-speed wind-energy systems connected to the grid. IEEE Trans Energy Convers 2006;21(1).
Muyeen SM, Takahashi R, Murata T, Tamura J. A variable speed wind turbine control strategy to meet wind farm grid code requirements. IEEE Trans Power Syst 2010;25(1).
Browse journals by subject