Volume 7, Issue 2, June 2018, Page: 7-15
Study of a Bioclimatic Building in Wet Tropical Zone: Application of the Study of the Thermal Behavior of a Building in Cote D'ivoire
Tanoe Koffi Fernandez, Institute for Renewable Energy (IREN), Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Gbaha Prosper, Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Polytechnic Institute Felix Houphouet Boigny, Yamoussoukro, Ivory Coast
N'guessan Rémi Kotchi, Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Polytechnic Institute Felix Houphouet Boigny, Yamoussoukro, Ivory Coast
Afféri Konan Jules, Institute for Renewable Energy (IREN), Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Gbossou Koudou Christophe, Institute for Renewable Energy (IREN), Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Received: Aug. 21, 2018;       Accepted: Sep. 13, 2018;       Published: Oct. 11, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20180702.11      View  214      Downloads  26
Abstract
With population growth, the demand for housing continues to grow. Also, the energy crisis has shown the need for an energy efficiency policy in the building sector. Estimating the thermal behavior of a building is important in the energy efficiency approach. We present in this article the results concerning the climatic comfort in a building of the city of Abidjan. In this work, we study the thermal behavior of a building of architectural typology validated by the presidential construction program of 60,000 social housing units; our choice is also justified by the habit of Ivorians to live. This architectural model is implemented, with regard to the envelope, with a local material, available, offering the natural comfort: the clay brick. Today, earth material is gaining interest among architects and scientists because of its excellent thermal properties and abundant availability. Our experiments show, on the one hand, that in Côte d'Ivoire, to perform a simulation based on single-zone modelling or multizone modeling, from a low clay brick house, provides similar results; on the other hand, clay brick, when subjected to solar radiation, enhances overheating of the air in the building.
Keywords
Clay Brick, Walls, Thermal, Building
To cite this article
Tanoe Koffi Fernandez, Gbaha Prosper, N'guessan Rémi Kotchi, Afféri Konan Jules, Gbossou Koudou Christophe, Study of a Bioclimatic Building in Wet Tropical Zone: Application of the Study of the Thermal Behavior of a Building in Cote D'ivoire, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2018, pp. 7-15. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20180702.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
P. Motel Combes, E. Kéré. 2015. Energy Challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa, editions of the Africa Days.
[2]
The World Bank. 2017. Conference, seminar on buildings and eco-energy districts in Côte d'Ivoire.
[3]
Christelle, Robin. 1999. "Anthropology of the architectural and urban space - ecology and development" in symposium act: architecture and the Algerian city facing the challenges of the 21st century, international seminar Biskra pp 231-232.
[4]
Ramos AF, Mendes da silva J., Adapting portuguese architecture to form African colonies climate conditions, International Journal for Housing Science and Applications, 2017.
[5]
F. Ouattara and A. Memeledje. 2008. two-dimensional simulation of a round box in geobeton: Obtaining thermal comfort by choice of materials from the envelope, science journal, Vol 8.
[6]
M P Meukam. 2004. Valorisation of stabilized earth bricks for the thermal insulation of buildings, PhD Thesis, University of Cergy-Pontoise, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé.
[7]
Moro Olivier BOFFOUE, Kou Kouadou, Kouakou. 2015. Influence of the cement content on the thermomechanical properties of compressed and stabilized clay blocks , Africa science.
[8]
Kultulr, Sinem, and Nil Tulrkeri. 2012. "Assessment of long term solar reflectance performance of roof coverings measured in laboratory and infield."
[9]
OFFERLE, B., P. JONSSON, I. ELIASSON, and CSB GRIMMOND. 2005. "Urban Modification of the Surface Energy Balance in the West African Sahel: Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso." JOURNAL OF CLIMATE 18: 3983-3995
[10]
Meteonorm 7. 2013. Global Meteorological Database. Tech. rep ... Genossenschaft METEOTEST.
[11]
LIEBARD, A ET DE HERDE, A. 2006. Traité d'architecture et d'urbanisme bioclimatiques.Ed Le moniteur, Paris.
[12]
Rosenlund, Hans (2000). Climatic Design Of Buildings Using Passive Techniques. BuildingIssues, Vol . 10, No. 1 , P : 3- 26
[13]
CSTB. 1992. Guide to natural climate control of tropical climate habitat wet, volume 1, CSTB, Paris.
[14]
Perez, R., Pierre I., Seals R., Michalsky J., and Stewart R. 1990. "Modeling daylight availability and irradiance components of direct and global irradiance." Solar Energy 44 (5): 271-289.
[15]
Walton, G. N. 1983. Thermal Analysis Research Program Reference Manual. NBSSIR 83-2655. National Bureau of Standards.
[16]
Walton, GN 1981. Passive Solar Extension of the Building Loads Analysis and System Thermodynamics (BLAST) Program, Technical Report, US Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL.
[17]
Sparrow, E. M., J. W. Ramsey, and E. A. Mass. 1979. Effect of Finite Width on Heat Transferand Fluid Flow about an Inclined Rectangular Plate. Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 101, p.204.
[18]
Ashrae. 1981. ASHRAE Handbook - Fundamentals, Atlanta: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.
[19]
Arens E., Xu T., Miura K., et al. A study of occupant cooling by personnally controlled air movement. Energy and buildings, 1998, vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 45-59.
[20]
Madi Kabore. 2015. Challenges of simulation for the study of energy performance of buildings in sub-Saharan Africa, thesis.
[21]
Givoni, B. 1998. Climate Considerations in Building and Urban Design, Wiley & sounds, New York, 464 p.H. Ezbakh, S. Bousad, A. Bakkour El, T. Ajzoul and A. El Bouardi. 2001 Thermal study of the cement stabilized earth used in construction in northern Morocco.
[22]
MK Sako, Prosper GBAHA, Y N'Guessan, MK Kouadio. 2006. Bioclimatic design of the habitat in tropical climate: case of Ivory Coast, Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences.
[23]
MN Assimakopoulou. 2004. Development and evaluation of control systems and strategies of electrochromic glazing for building applications, PhD in Civil Engineering, National Institute of Applied Sciences of Lyon.
Browse journals by subject