Volume 9, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 29-37
Thermal Insulation Panel Based on Vegetable Typha Domingensis and Starch: Formulation and Physico-chemical Characterization
Henri Wilfried Hounkpatin, Laboratory of Radiation Physics (LPR), University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Victorin Kouamy Chégnimonhan, National Institute for Agronomic Research of Benin, CRA Agonkanmey, Cotonou, Benin; Thermics and Energy Laboratory of Nantes, University of Nantes, Nantes, France
Elisabeth Allognon-Houessou, Laboratory of Materials Thermophysical Characterization and Energy Appropriation (Labo- CTMAE/UAC), University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Basile Bruno Kounouhewa, Laboratory of Radiation Physics (LPR), University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Received: Apr. 22, 2020;       Accepted: May 14, 2020;       Published: May 27, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20200902.12      View  56      Downloads  14
Abstract
The chemical characteristics of the typha-starch composite have been investigated in this study to optimize the component of the habitat insulation panel obtained from the two bio sourced materials. Four mixtures have been formulated and tested (starch 0g + typha 620 g; starch 62g + typha 558 g; starch 93g + typha 527 g; starch 124g + typha 496 g). The panels were made up of six different granulometries (0.125 mm; 0.250 mm; 0.425 mm; 1.25 mm 1.70 mm; 3.15 mm). A total of 72 panels were made and tested. The density of the panels varies from 515.6 kg.m-3 to 809.74 kg.m-3. Chemical characterisation reveals that typha particles contain a high content of organic matter and dry matter, as well as a significant proportion of water and volatile components. The typha which contains very little protein, little minerals and lipids, could contribute to the thermosetting during the manufacturing process of insulating panels. Formulations with low mass density such as L91 (1.70 mm + 124 g starch) and G62 (1.25 mm + 0 g starch) show good thermal properties according to literature.
Keywords
Typha-starch Composite, Bio Sourced Insulation, Chemical Properties, Green Building
To cite this article
Henri Wilfried Hounkpatin, Victorin Kouamy Chégnimonhan, Elisabeth Allognon-Houessou, Basile Bruno Kounouhewa, Thermal Insulation Panel Based on Vegetable Typha Domingensis and Starch: Formulation and Physico-chemical Characterization, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. Vol. 9, No. 2, 2020, pp. 29-37. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20200902.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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