Volume 4, Issue 3-1, May 2015, Page: 29-33
Simulation of Solar Off- Grid Photovoltaic System for Residential Unit
Jasim Abdulateef, Mechanical Engineering Department, Diyala University, Diyala, Iraq
Received: Oct. 27, 2014;       Accepted: Dec. 4, 2014;       Published: Dec. 19, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijrse.s.2015040301.15      View  3996      Downloads  830
Abstract
The aim of this study is to design a solar off-grid PV system to supply the required electricity for a residential unit. A simulation model by MATLAB is used to size the PV system. The solar PV system is simulated with the case of maximum solar radiation on a sunny day. The results show that the average daily load requirement of the selected residential unit is 36 kWh/day. This load requirement can be meet by using an array of 44 solar panels. During the day time, the PV system supplies the desired 12.4 kWh of energy. During the night time, a battery storage system of 23.6 kWh (48V, 350 Ah) is used to meet the night load.
Keywords
Solar PV, Off-Grid, MPPT Controller, Isolated Places
To cite this article
Jasim Abdulateef, Simulation of Solar Off- Grid Photovoltaic System for Residential Unit, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. Special Issue: Engineering Solution for High Performance of Solar Energy System. Vol. 4, No. 3-1, 2015, pp. 29-33. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.s.2015040301.15
Reference
[1]
J.K. Kaldellis,“ Optimum technoeconomic energy autonomous photovoltaic solution for remote consumers throughout Greece,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 45, pp. 2745-2760, 2004.
[2]
N.D. Kaushika, N.K. Gautam, and K. Kaushik, “Simulation model for sizing of stand-alone solar PV system with interconnected array,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 85, pp. 499-519, 2005.
[3]
T. Markvart, A. Fragaki, and J.N. Ross, “PV system sizing using observed time series of solar radiation,” Solar Energy, vol. 80, pp. 46-50, 2006.
[4]
R. Posadillo, and R.L. Luque, “Approaches for developing a sizing method for stand-alone PV systems with variable demand,” Renewable Energy, vol. 33, pp. 1037-1048, 2008.
[5]
P. Arun, and R. Banerjee, S. Bandyopadhyay, “Optimum sizing of photovoltaic battery systems incorporating uncertainty through design space approach,” Solar Energy, vol. 83, pp. 1013-1025,2009.
[6]
T. Khatib, A. Mohamed, K. Sopian, and M. Mahmoud, “Optimal sizing of building integrated hybrid PV/diesel generator system for zero load rejection for Malaysia,” Energy and Buildings, vol. 43, pp. 3430-3435, 2011.
[7]
J. Abdulateef, K. Sopian, W. Kader, B. Bais, R. Sirwan, B. Bakhtyar and O. Saadatian, “Economic analysis of a stand-alone PV system to electrify a residential home in Malaysia,” in Proc. HTE'12, Istanbul, 2012.
[8]
H. A. Kazem, T. Khatib, and K. Sopian, “Sizing of a standalone photovoltaic/battery system at minimum cost for remote housing electrification in Sohar, Oman,” Energy and Buildings, vol. 61, pp.108–115, 2013.
[9]
M. Sh. Salim, J. M. Najim, S. M. Salih, “Maximum power analysis of photovoltaic module in Ramadi city,” International Journal of Energy and Environment, vol. 4 (6), pp.1013-1024, 2013.
[10]
bpsolar: bpsolar, www.bpsolar.com
[11]
R.A. Messenger and J. Ventre, Photovoltaic Systems Engineering, CRC Press, New York, 2004.
[12]
G.R. Walker, “Evaluating MPPT converter topologies using a MATLAB PV model,” Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference, AUPEC Brisbane, 2000.
[13]
L. Castaner, and S. Santiago, Modelling Photovoltaic Systems Using PSpice, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2002.
[14]
M.M. Mahmoud, I.H. Ibrik, “Techno-economic feasibility of energy supply of remote villages in Palestine by PV-systems, diesel generators and electric grid,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., vol. 10, pp. 128-138, 2006.
[15]
S.R. Wenham, M.A. Green, M.E. Watt, “Applied Photovoltaics,” Center for Photovoltaic Devices and Systems: Australia, 1994.
[16]
Tyson Denherder, “Design and simulation of photovoltaic super system using Simulink,” Senior Project, Faculty of California Polytechnic. State University, 2006.
[17]
Diong Bill, “Future energy challenge final report,” University of Texas, EI Paso, (http://www.energychallenge.org/2001Report /UTEP.pdf), 2001.
[18]
PVDI 2007: Solar Energy International, “Photovoltaic Design and Installation Manual”, New Society Publishers.
[19]
The German Solar Energy Society, “Planning control apparatus and method and power generating system using them,” Patent US5, 654,883, 2005.
[20]
M. R. Rivera, “Small wind / photovoltaic hybrid renewable energy system optimization,” Master’s thesis, electrical engineering, University of Puerto Rico, 2008.
Browse journals by subject